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Increasing pressure on the aviation industry emissions to build green aviation
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Long and thin wings, engines embedded in the fuselage, the tail was U-shaped, transparent bulkhead, a 360-degree view to the outside world ... ... you sat like an airplane? This is the Airbus held at the recent Farnborough International Air Show, the concept of the future release of the aircraft. "Imagine the concept of the aircraft is not complete." Airbus executive vice president of engineering to the Philippines, told reporters that "If an existing aircraft manufacturing technology can continuously move forward to 2050 (or even earlier to 2030) , the aircraft might look like this. " To the Philippines, said the biggest benefit of this aircraft is to further improve the environmental performance of aircraft, with lower fuel consumption, reduce emissions, reduce noise and enhance comfort features. Although all human carbon dioxide emissions, the aviation industry accounts for only 2%, but the vast majority of the direct discharge of 2% above the ten thousand meters of clean sky, the Earth's atmosphere can not be ignored. In the next 15 years, the number of air passengers worldwide will double, which put a higher development of green aviation requirements. Increasing pressure on industry emissions Air transport in the core of the modern global economy. Aviation industry supports 33 million jobs and generate 1.5 trillion GDP. If the aviation industry, compared to a "country", its GDP can be ranked eighth in the world, ranging from between Italy and Spain. International aviation community, an industry organization called the IATA (ICAO), which is the world's few truly global measures taken to improve the environmental performance of industry organizations. Last year, ICAO call for commitment to the global aviation companies, two energy-saving and emission reduction targets: 2020 to achieve zero growth in emissions; 2050 net emissions of carbon dioxide in 2005, based on the half. In fact, with advances in technology over the past 40 years, the aviation industry to improve the efficiency of aircraft has made remarkable progress, reducing carbon dioxide emissions by 70%, 90% noise reduction, without reducing the burn hydrocarbons 90%. To energy, for example, each block of the world's civil aviation industry's fuel consumption per hundred kilometers in 1985 to eight liters; the current world average is 5 liters; ICAO set a target in 2025 to 3 liters; and the most advanced A380 airliners, the average fuel consumption has been reduced to 3 liters. To the Philippines to reporters cited a group of numbers: the current operation of the aircraft noise generally higher than similar products 30 years ago by 20 dB. A320 taking off or landing of the noise index, less than 70 years of the 20th century made similar aircraft three-volume one-tenth of the noise. A330 take-off produces 85 decibels of noise, lower than the noise standards around the airport. A380 is the quietest on the market long-range aircraft, even more than the A340 (same one the quietest aircraft) noise levels are low, while the number of passengers is twice the A340. A380 also meets the stringent requirements of the London airport operations - take-off for the QC / 2, arrived in the QC/0.5. In the aviation industry, Airbus and Boeing has always been "more intense relationship," the two giants. Commitment to energy saving in the time of this task, the two giants to join forces. In 2008, Boeing and Airbus signed an agreement to accelerate the global air transport through the improvement of management systems to increase efficiency and eliminate traffic congestion. This work will help to reduce the environmental impact of the aviation industry. "Airbus and Boeing are great competitors, it is the key factor allows us to sharply focus on improving the efficiency of the aviation industry and enhance the intensity of the work." Boeing Commercial Airplanes President and CEO Scott * Carson (Scott Carson) said the two sides are moving toward the same goal, namely reducing the environmental impact of the aviation industry. Airbus President and CEO Thomas Desmond saddled through technology and innovation that can reduce the environmental impact of the aviation industry and improve eco-efficiency. However, the progress of the aviation industry to reduce emissions, the EU feel a little slow. Last year, the EU has proposed that in the next 10 years, the aviation industry to achieve a 20% reduction; 2050, to achieve emissions by 80% to 95% of the emission reduction targets. The EU also plans to include aviation in regional European emissions trading system. However, due to climate conference in Copenhagen, the negotiations did not result, the EU plans to be shelved. According to Asia Pacific Aviation Association, the global aviation industry emissions of 650 million tons of carbon dioxide per year, the pressure reduction is huge. Philosophy of environmental protection throughout the lifetime of the As a complex product, integrating hundreds of thousands of aircraft parts. Therefore, the whole supply chain collaboration is to ensure the reliability of each sub-components, to deliver products on time and within budget to achieve the highest environmental and quality standards of the key. This reporter learned that Airbus supplier selection and qualification examination included environmental standards, and indicate in the contract agreement, to require suppliers to comply with environmental policy, to provide reliable delivery of the product environmental data, development and deployment environment management system. January 2007, Airbus became the first aerospace manufacturing companies to obtain ISO14001 environmental certification, the certification covers all Airbus manufacturing plants, and throughout the product life cycle and all activities related to the product. Only the first 16 plants in Europe received certifications, the certification has been successfully extended to factories in China and the United States.